The Global Obesity Prevention Center (GOPC) is home to multiple projects aimed at studying and fighting obesity from an innovative, systems level. These projects span the US and across the globe.
Virtual Population Obesity Prevention (VPOP) Labs
Project Lead: Bruce Y. Lee, MD, MBA
The Virtual Population Obesity Prevention (VPOP) Labs use computational simulation modeling to understand the complex systems of obesity. The VPOP model is the first obesity-related agent-based model to include detailed representations of multiple levels from individual behavior, to social context to physical environment. For further details, please click here.
B’More Healthy Communities for Kids (BHCK)
Project Lead: Joel Gittelsohn, PhD
B’More Healthy Communities for Kids is an intervention trial operating at multiple levels of the Baltimore City food system. The study aims to increase affordability, availability and consumption of healthy foods within low-income, predominantly African-American neighborhoods. For further details, please click here.
Micro-Macro Obesity Dynamics (MMOD)
Project Lead: Saeideh Fallah-Fini
This project has developed a system dynamics model that quantifies the energy imbalance gap responsible for the US adult obesity epidemic among gender and racial subpopulations. For further details, please click here.
Using Systems Science in Obesity Research Publication
Dr. Fallah-Fini's Systems Approach to Obesity
Dynamics of Childhood Obesity in Pennsylvania from Community to Epigenetics
Project Lead: Thomas A. Glass, PhD
Co-Lead: Brian S. Schwartz, MD, MS
This study uses existing data and ongoing research to understand the dynamics of childhood obesity in a large population of children living in 1,300 Pennsylvania communities that vary in their land use, food, physical activity, and social environments. For further details, please click here.
Pennsylvania Project Overview Sheet
Using a Comprehensive Electronic Health Record
A Highly Extensible Resource for Modeling Agricultural and Food Supply Chains (HERMES)
Project Lead: Bruce Y. Lee, MD, MBA
Co-Lead: Shawn T. Brown, PhD
The HERMES model will provide virtual representations from all aspects of the agricultural and food supply chains in order to evaluate operations and performance, identify strengths, weaknesses, and potential solutions, determine the impact of new technologies, designs, processes, and policy-changes, and help guide investments and strategies. For further details, please click here.
Multilevel Systems-oriented Childhood Obesity Study In China
Project Lead: Youfa Wang, MD, MS, PhD
Co-Lead: Huijun Wang, MD, PhD, from China CDC
China offers a unique opportunity to study the causes of obesity given the significant social, environmental and lifestyle shifts and the rapid increase in obesity and many lifestyle related chronic diseases that are occurring in that country. The China Project uses longitudinal and national data collected in China to evaluate the interplay, impact and nonlinear relationships of the built, social, economic and environmental and policy factors related to childhood obesity. For further details, please click here.
SPACES MERL is a consortium created by the US Global Development Lab at USAID. SPACES MERL consists of four key players: the Global Obesity Prevention Center (GOPC) at Johns Hopkins, LINC, Global Knowledge Initiative (GKI) and ResilientAfrica Network (RAN) who collaborate with USAID to help transform decision-making and interventions in development. For further details about this project, please click here.
Brain and Appetite Research Study
Principal Investigator: Susan Carnell, PhD
This study aims to investigate the biological basis of appetite and body weight in youth, using a mix of eating behavior tests, computer tasks, questionnaires and brain imaging methods. For further details, please click here.
St. Vincent Greenway Evaluation: The role of local bike policies and greenways in preventing childhood obesity
Principal Investigator: Elizabeth A. Dodson, PhD, MPH
A natural experiment study that evaluates the effects of the environmental change (implementation of the St. Vincent Greenway extension) on childhood and family health behaviors before and after the greenway is completed. For further details, please click here.
Impacts of A Walkable Community on Residents' Physical Activities
Principal Investigator: Xuemei Zhu, PhD
This project examines the impact of a rare natural experiment— moving into a new, activity friendly community (Mueller, Austin, TX)—on increasing children’s physical activity. For further details, please click here.
A Systems-oriented Approach to Evaluating Local Sugar-sweetened Beverage Tax Ordinances
Principal Investigator: Kristine Madsen, MD, MPH
Proposed by researchers at University of California (UC) Berkeley School of Public Health, this project examines the impact of a sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) excise tax on media, retail environments and child and adult SSB consumption in Berkley, San Francisco and Oakland (a comparison city). For further details, please click here.
A Systems-oriented Analysis of Two Multilevel, Multisector Childhood Obesity Prevention and Control Projects
Principal Investigator: Emmeline Chuang, PhD
This project addresses the knowledge gap regarding potential sources and strategies for overcoming policy resistance regarding systems-oriented approaches to prevent and control obesity. For further details, please click here.
Evaluating Changes in Food Access as a Result of the Minneapolis Staple Food Ordinance
Principal Investigator: Melissa Laska, PhD, RD
This study aims to implement new policy initiatives that help create mechanisms to broaden programmatic reach and enhance sustainability of staple food ordinance in Minneapolis. For further details, please click here.
Health Support Networks for Preventing Childhood Obesity in Home Visitation Programs
Principal Investigator: Kayla de la Haye, PhD
Researchers at the University of Southern California will use a systems perspective to assess the ways in which participants’ health support networks change in response to two different wellness initiatives, COPE and Wellness Challenge. For further details, please click here.
Understanding Organizational Network Capacity in the Context of Nutrition Incentive Programs
Principal Investigator: Ligia Paina, PhD
This study aims to explore how state level nutrition incentive networks are structured and how network capacity develops in two states where Wholesome Wave’s (WW) Double Value Coupon Program (DVCP) is being implemented and scaled-up – New Hampshire and Vermont. For further details, click here.
Using Systems Thinking for Obesity Prevention and Policy Development
Principal Investigator: Christine Siokou, PhD
This intervention consists of a new, preventative health workforce of 150 people that implement a systems approach to obesity prevention practices and policy development at the local level in Australia. For further details, please click here.
Addressing Obesity through a Novel Food Pantry Intervention: Outcome Evaluation
Principal Investigator: Katie Martin, PhD
This project will provide a systemic change to the status quo of how we address hunger in the U.S., and how to address food insecurity and obesity simultaneously. For further details about this project, please click here.
Assessing the Impact of Zoning Policies on Fast-food Restaurants Around Schools in England
Principal Investigator: Philippe Giabbanelli, PhD
This project aims to address the impact of fast-food restaurants around schools in England by using an agent-based model. Specifically, the overarching aim for this project is to use a quantitative systems approach to understand how combined planning measures around schools affect the English food landscape across different levels of deprivation. For further details about this project, please click here.
Introduction of Physical Activity Classes in Girls' Private Schools in Saudi Arabia: Evaluation of the New Policy
Principal Investigator: Hazzaa M. Al-Hazzaa, PhD, FACSM
For the first time, physical activity and fitness classes will be allowed for girls in private schools in Saudi Arabia. Using a systems science framework, this study aims to shed light on the increase off the prevalence of childhood obesity in Middle East and other regions.
Development of a Life Course Obesity Prevention Initiative in the Bahamas
Project Co-Leads: Joel Gittelsohn, PhD, MSc & Lawrence J. Cheskin, MD, FACP, FTOS
Rates of obesity, type 2 diabetes and other preventable chronic diseases continue to rise in the Bahamas. According to recent reports, 64% of women and 50% of men are estimated to be overweight or obese in the Bahamas and the Caribbean region. The GOPC, Bahamas Ministry of Social Services and Community Development (MOSSCD) and Health (MOH) are working together to develop a sustainable, national obesity prevention strategy. For further details, please click here.
Impact of Calorie Changes in Chain Restaurants on Obesity: A Systems Dynamics Approach
Project Lead: Saeideh Fallah-Fini, PhD
Strong evidence shows that exposure to different neighborhood-level environmental characteristics are associated with different health outcomes such as obesity. Within the food environment, restaurants are a particularly important area of focus for public health research, given the concern over the hypothesized contribution of increased restaurant eating and overconsumption of calories to the obesity epidemic. This concern prompted policy action in the form of menu labeling so that consumers could be more aware of the calories associated with each menu option. For further details, please click here.